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许孝精——Stability and exponential decay for the 2D anisotropic Navier-Stokes equations with horizontal dissipation
发布人:许全华  发布时间:2021-07-22   浏览次数:381

题目:Stability and exponential decay for the 2D anisotropic Navier-Stokes equations with horizontal dissipation


报告人:许孝精(北京师范大学)


时间:7月26日,9:30-10:30


地点:明德楼B201报告厅


摘要: Solutions to the 2D Navier-Stokes equations with full dissipation in the whole space $\mathbb R^2$ always decay to zero in Sobolev spaces. In particular, any perturbation near the trivial solution is always asymptotically stable. In contrast, solutions to the 2D Euler equation for inviscid flows can grow rather rapidly. An intermediate situation is when the dissipation is anisotropic and only one-directional. The stability and large-time behavior problem for the 2D Navier-Stokes equations with only one-directional dissipation is not well-understood. When the spatial domain is the whole space $\mathbb R^2$, this problem is widely open. In this talk, we solves this problem when the domain is $\mathbb T\times \mathbb R$ with $\mathbb T$ being a 1D periodic box. The idea here is to decompose the velocity $u$ into its horizontal average $\bar u$ and the corresponding oscillation $\widetilde u$. By making use of special properties of $\widetilde u$, we establish a uniform upper bound and the stability of $u$ in the Sobolev space $H^2$, and show that $\widetilde u$  in $H^1$ decays to zero exponentially in time.